CIBIL TransUnion Credit Score – Role in a Loan Application Process

by Manshu on July 23, 2012

in Credit

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja

If you have taken a home loan and have been paying your EMIs quite regularly without even a single default, then it is highly likely that the next time you require any car loan or a credit card, you may be able to secure any of them with quite an ease, that too at a lower rate of interest and probably get your bank to waive the processing charges also. Why is it so and how is it possible? I’ll try to share all of that with a series of posts about it.

What is a Credit Information Bureau and how it functions?

A Credit Information Bureau (CIB) is a repository of credit information of all the customers of bureau’s members, which includes banks, financial institutions, non-banking financial companies, housing finance companies and credit card companies. Members share this credit information of their customers with CIBs on a monthly basis so that their database gets regularly updated.

CIBs collate only credit information i.e. information on loans such as home loans, automobile loans and personal loans and information on credit facilities such as overdraft facility and credit cards. They do not have any details of customers’ savings accounts, fixed deposit accounts or other such investments which constitute the liability portfolios of banks or financial institutions.

At the same time, CIBs disseminate the information to these same lenders, as per their requirements, helping their credit underwriters to make effective credit or lending decisions. These lenders use this information to generate Credit Information Reports (CIRs) and Credit Scores.

CIBs are also also known as Credit Information Companies (CICs). In India, RBI regulates these bureaus. In 1999, RBI proposed setting up such kind of CIBs and start operating. First of such CIBs – CIBIL was set up in 2000. In November 2008, RBI allowed FDI of up to 49% in credit information bureaus, with a ceiling of 10% of the total voting rights for any single investor group.

What is CIBIL and which other CIBs are there in India?

Credit Information Bureau of (India) Limited, or popularly known as CIBIL, became the first such organization that started collating credit information contributed by its members and maintaining records of an individual‘s payments pertaining to loans and credit cards.

CIBIL was incorporated in 2000 with State Bank of India (SBI), Housing Development Finance Corporation (HDFC), TransUnion and Duns & Bradstreet (D&B) acting as its founding members and in a due course, the shareholdings got diversified to include many other banks and financial institutions. It started with a paid up capital of Rs. 25 Crores.

Founding Shareholding:

CIBIL Founding Shareholders

Current shareholding pattern.

CIBIL Current Shareholding Pattern

 

Apart from CIBIL, there are three other credit information bureaus operating in India at present – Equifax, Experian and High Mark. But a large chunk of market share is with CIBIL only as it started collating data quite early and this is the reason I have decided to focus on the working style of CIBIL and the parameters it uses for this purpose.

What is a CIBIL TransUnion Score and what is its significance?

CIBIL TransUnion Score is a score measured out of 900 which provides a lender with an indication of the ”probability of default” by an individual based on their credit history. This score suggests lenders the pattern of an individual’s credit usage and loan repayment behaviour.

Your CIBIL TransUnion Score is like your marks in any competitive entrance exam, say like CAT entrance exam for MBA. A higher score in the exam (credit score) do increase your chances of getting admission into a good B-school (getting a loan approval) but doesn’t guarantee it unless you do good in your interview, group discussion and Ex tempore (your income, years of employment, debt burden, age etc). All these things should fit with a lender’s internal credit policy before one’s loan application gets the final approval.

CIBIL TransUnion Score ranges from -1 (or NH) to 0 (or NA) and 300 to 900. Loan providers used to prefer a credit score which was greater than 700 and over the years their preference has gone past 750 now. The closer the borrower’s CIBIL TransUnion Score is to 900, the more confidence the lender will have in borrower’s ability to repay the loan and hence it becomes more likely that the loan application will get approved and the better would be the terms offered by the lenders.

Loan Terms

 

Without a Score, the lenders would treat all loan seekers equally, probably charge a higher rate of interest to all the borrowers. In other words, the entire class of students (borrowers) getting a punishment for the mischief played by a few (defaulters).

Though I did not find anywhere what ‘NH’ or ‘NA’ stand for in CIBIL TransUnion Score terminology, I assume the full form of NH to be “No History” and NA to be “Not Applicable”. An applicant gets a score of NH or -1 when he does not have a credit track record at all and a score of NA or 0 when his credit track record is less than 6 months.

As per CIBIL, a credit score of NA or NH is not a bad thing at all. These mean one of the below:

1) One does not have a credit history at all or enough of a credit history to be scored, i.e. the applicant is new to the credit system.

2) One does not have any credit activity in the last couple of years.

3) One has just add-on credit card(s) and no direct credit exposure in his/her own name.

If a person has never used a credit card or taken a loan, then there will not be any relevant credit score for a lender’s reference. The eligibility for a loan, in that case, will be based on one’s income, years of employment, age, etc. That means, if you did not appear for the CAT entrance exam then the B-schools will judge your abilities and give you the admission on the basis of your marks in 10th, 12th or college exams and other factors such as interview, group discussion, Ex tempore etc.

This was the first post on CIBIL Credit Score system and Credit Information Report. I’ll soon come back with some more details to throw some more light on this unique system of keeping record of an individual’s credit history.

Coming Soon:

  • What is a CIBIL Credit Information Report (CIR) and what is its significance?
  •  How to check your Credit Score and purchase the Credit Information Report?
  • Factors affecting your Credit Score and Can a Credit Score be improved?
  • How to get the discrepancies corrected on my CIR? and some cases of customer disputes.

 

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{ 44 comments… read them below or add one }

Bhushan July 23, 2012 at 8:12 am

These agencies get consumer’s data without their explicit consent and share it with others. While this is not ethical, modern system needs these credit scores. So, in the west they have made it legal with a rider that they should give a free report to everyone once a year. But in India, they do not do this. One has to pay to get their own credit info (jist to check if something is mis represented). This should change.

Reply

Manshu July 23, 2012 at 8:20 am

To your point about what happens in the west, I know in the US, a consumer can request his credit report once a year from each credit agency so you could plan out your requests in such a way that you get one every four months. I don’t think very many people do that, and what you get is the credit report, not the credit score which is a pretty significant thing as well, and you have to pay to get the score. Additionally, keeping a tab on your score or report once in 4 months is not enough if someone really does steal your numbers and do something to your account so there are services that monitor these things for you and charge a monthly fee for it.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja July 23, 2012 at 11:22 am

Hi Manshu… I did not get the stealing part, what is that ??

Reply

Manshu July 23, 2012 at 7:32 pm

I meant stealing credit card numbers and misusing them. That’s fairly common and people can’t rely on just getting these free reports to protect themselves.

The good thing is that the credit card companies themselves are very alert and very often they notify you about suspicious use and are most of the times co-operative if you can show them that your card was misused.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja July 23, 2012 at 11:02 am

Hi Bhushan… I agree with you that they should share the report with people at least once a year free of charges. But, here in India, things are yet to become systematic like in the west and awareness among people is quite low.

Reply

DJSays! July 23, 2012 at 1:18 pm

I agree. If my data is being collected. It is without my consent. First my consent must be taken and then, I must be provided a free copy of same say yearly.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja July 23, 2012 at 2:06 pm

I have a view what these lenders are doing is not unethical. It is their job and is completely fair till the time your personal information is not made public. The idea behind what they are doing is to make the lending process more efficent.

As I mentioned above “Without a Score, the lenders would treat all loan seekers equally, probably charge a higher rate of interest to all the borrowers. In other words, the entire class of students (borrowers) getting a punishment for the mischief played by a few (defaulters).”

But the problem lies in the dispute resolution. First of all, wrong methods of selling things like credit cards, personal loans etc. must be checked at the ground level. All fee and charges must be made known to the customers right from the beginning. There should be nothing hidden.

Then these lenders must justify their actions of giving a negative report on somebody’s credit profile. The person should be informed that the lender has given a negative feedback about him to the CIBIL. Dispute resolutions should be very very quick, justified and get reflected on the CIR as well as in the Credit Score as soon as possible.

Reply

CHARLES BHARATH MORAIS October 12, 2012 at 11:34 am

need to know my cibil score

Reply

Shiv Kukreja October 12, 2012 at 5:52 pm

Hi Charles… You need to follow the online process – https://www.cibil.com/online/credit-score-check.do

Please check this post to get more info –

http://www.onemint.com/2012/08/08/check-your-cibil-credit-score-credit-information-report-online/

Reply

Vishnu December 4, 2012 at 10:45 am

Can i get mortgage loan with a credit score of 500 i need 6 lakhs and my property worth 40 lakhs

Reply

Shiv Kukreja December 4, 2012 at 8:42 pm

Very high probability that you will get it.

Reply

Andy December 12, 2012 at 12:55 pm

Hi Shiv, my credit score is 750, I have a citibank cc which i make more than min. payments on before every due date. I also got approved for a personal loan last month for 2.5 lacs however, my requirement was for 3.5 lacs…………so went onto to apply for another personal loan for a lakh. What are my chances of this loan getting approved. I earn about 45k per month.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja December 13, 2012 at 2:38 pm

Hi Andy… It is not possible for me to guess the chances of you getting the loan successfully. It totally depends on the lender’s assessment of the risk involved. A lender might take more risk to expand its loan book vis-a-vis the other lenders.

Reply

B.RAMACHANDRAIAH December 30, 2012 at 9:01 pm

please send cibil report written off statement which type of cridit card, which type ofbank as early as possible

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SASIKUMAR January 31, 2013 at 2:58 pm

I KNOW I AM IN DEFAULTERS LIST BUT HOW I KNOW WHICH BANK IS SENDING THE REPORT

Reply

Shiv Kukreja April 17, 2013 at 11:57 pm

Buy your CIBIL report online & you’ll get to know.

Reply

manish chhaganbhai prajapati February 1, 2013 at 7:44 pm

i have apply loan in axis bank

Reply

Krishna Moorthy April 2, 2013 at 1:24 pm

Hi,
Today i got CIBIL report and found that my score is appearing as “NH”, though I had couple of credit cards, personal loans etc., out of these I had setteled a credit card – “Post Settled”.

Can I know why it is appearing as NH?

Thanks.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja April 17, 2013 at 11:56 pm

Hi Krishna… ‘NH’ signifies “No History”, but as you mentioned you had credit cards & personal loans, I dont know why it is showing ‘NH’ in your case.

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ARUN KUMAR KRISHNAN April 17, 2013 at 11:20 am

I would like to clear my name from cibil but i do not no the procedure.i have no due certificates for the concerned products for which my name is popping out.Please give me a solution to clear my name so that i can submit the no due certificate for the same.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja April 17, 2013 at 11:54 pm
pankaj May 13, 2013 at 7:59 pm

I m using bank of india credit card since july 2012. I checked my cibil report in march 2013. It shows score NH. am i still new for cibil

Reply

Shiv Kukreja May 14, 2013 at 11:15 pm

Hi Pankaj… normally the report shows ‘NH’ if your credit history is less than 6 months old. Only CIBIL will be tell you why it is still showing NH. I think you should either approach CIBIL or wait for a month or two and retry after that.

Reply

mariofernandes May 15, 2013 at 10:31 pm

Report

Reply

Yogesh Bhadane June 24, 2013 at 9:34 pm

Dear Sir,

i take bike lone from icici bank in 2008, my lone will be complite in 2010,my esi deducted in stanstard charted bank, i last emi deposited,but bank icici bank will not duduct. i check after 4 month emi not deduct. After 2 years icici bank call me and told your emi is pending, than i will go in Stan C. Bank emi still deposit in bank,than i deposite last emi in icici bank, But now i applied personal Lone in Hdfc bank my fil will be regect cause of icici bank so please help me what record my in cibile a/c.please do the need full.

Reply

Credexpert July 3, 2013 at 12:43 pm

Dear Mr. Yogesh

Every late payment towards an EMI is updated in your credit report. This means that if you pay your EMI, say 10 or 15 days after the due date, this late payment date is reflected on your credit report.

In your case, depending on your score and your payment record in your other accounts, you may request HDFC Bank to consider your application, given the above circumstances.

Would request you to clear all your dues towards ICICI Bank. This account will then reflect as closed against your ICICI account in your CIBIL report. The clear status might open a window for loan application approval.

Regards,
Credexpert.
http://www.credexpert.co.in

Reply

sudhir ranjan July 3, 2013 at 7:22 pm

sir,my score is 772. Can i eligible to get a personal loan

Reply

Credexpert July 5, 2013 at 11:04 am

Dear Mr. Ranjan,

Firstly, apply for a Personal loan only if you have a genuine need.

772 is a decent score for a personal loan (i.e. unsecured loan). Although, credit scores are one of the important factors considered by lending institutions while evaluating a credit application, they also consider their internal credit policies. Hence we would not be able to comment on the approval of your personal loan application.

The best way to find out is to apply to your preferred lending institution and wait for their reply. Ensure that you do not apply randomly as this would only increase the no. of enquiries appearing on your credit report. High no. of enquiries is viewed negatively by lending institutions.

Regards,
Credexpert
http://www.credexpert.co.in

Reply

Michael July 5, 2013 at 3:29 pm

Shash Finance lease is harassing me on behalf of Standard charterd bank, to pay Rs25560/- to remove name from CIBIL, i have cleared all the due and i have temporay receipt & Full and final settlement letter . still it reflecting o/s, even my person loan has been rejected due to us, i want to know whether my name is there is CIBIL and what is the procedure to remove the name from CIBIL.

Thanks& Regards
Michael

Reply

Credexpert July 6, 2013 at 11:14 am

Dear Michael,

Information of any credit facility availed by individuals is reported to the credit bureau by lending institutions. The updation of this information is done on a monthly or quarterly basis by lending institutions. This information is reflected on your credit report and based on it a credit score is calculated. So, all the loan/credit cards, open or closed will reflect on your credit report and cannot be removed.

The fact that you have repaid and closed the personal loan availed from Standard Chartered Bank has to be updated. The supporting like the receipt and full & final settlement letter can be used to establish the fact of closure of this account.

Rightly so, this could be one of the factors that have hindered your personal loan application.

Kindly directly coordinate with the bank or raise a dispute with CIBIL. Do not deal with any third parties involved in collections/recovery.

Regards,
Credexpert
http://www.credexpert.co.in

Reply

kumar July 10, 2013 at 2:00 pm

Hi,
Can you any one know CIBIL also checking credit report for NRI’s who looking home loan in inida ?

any one know this ?

Thanks in advance…

Reply

Credexpert July 10, 2013 at 8:10 pm

Dear Kumar,

If you have any past borrowings – loans or credit cards from Indian credit institutions, these details will be reflected in your CIBIL report.

Thus, when applying for a loan in India, the bank will access your CIBIL credit report and score.

Regards,
Credexpert
http://www.credexpert.co.in

Reply

kumar July 10, 2013 at 9:11 pm

Hi,
Thank you for response.
During the home loan borrowing time Indian banks also verify the overseas credit report/checks? or only for Indian institutions borrowing checks? CIBIL normally checking overseas credit checks?

Any one have any idea ?

Reply

Credexpert July 11, 2013 at 1:22 pm

Dear Kumar,

As per the Credit Information Companies (Regulations) Act, 2005, Indian credit institutions have to be a member of any one of the Indian credit bureaus. And as per the regulations, they have to report credit data to these bureaus. This information is only available to members of the credit bureau.

Thus, since this information is only accessible to the members, institutions outside the purview of the regulations will not have access to this information. And credit bureaus – CIBIL in your case, and its members do not have access to information outside India.

Thus as mentioned before, if you have taken any loans or credit cards in India, only this information will be available on your CIBIL report and the banks will have access to the same.

However banks could ask you to pull your individual credit report from an overseas bureau for a credit check on any borrowings you may have in that country.

Regards,
Credexpert.
http://www.credexpert.co.in

Reply

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Reply

LALITHA May 5, 2014 at 9:29 pm

My credit score is NH. Its eligible for Personal loan or not pls clarify the doubt

regards
Lalitha

Reply

Credexpert May 8, 2014 at 2:20 pm

Dear Lalitha ,

A credit score of NA or NH is not viewed negatively by a lender, however some lenders’ credit policy could prevent them from providing loans to an applicant with Scores of “NA” or “NH” (applicants with no credit track record).

We would suggest that you opt for a secured credit card and build your credit history over a period of time. Your timely repayments against this card would help minimizing the rejections of having no credit history.

Regards,
Credexpert
http://www.credexpert.in

Reply

Jordan July 23, 2014 at 2:07 am

Yesterday I got my civil report! In which it was mentioned “NA” Since 7 months I m using 2 credit cards of HDFC & American Express. I have always made the full payment and never done any late payments but last month I paid only minimum amount of both cards. And couple of weeks ago I had applied for personal loan from ICICI Bank & Fullerton India For 2 Lakhs Each But Both The loan Got rejected. I don’t know why? Is it because of my “Minimum Payment” which I did for the first time? And why I don’t have any credit history after using 2 cards?? Also I would like to highlight 1 thing that I have never applied or filled any only application from the venders like Bajaj Finance ‘ FICCL, SCB , SBI CARDS but all these names are mentioned in my Enquiry Information Sheet? Which I think will hamper ! How can in remove those names? I m earning 26000 per month and has owned house .. Working in PVT Ltd… From 3 years! Will I get loan ? of 2 lakhs

Reply

Credexpert July 29, 2014 at 11:40 am

Dear Jordan,
Your CIBIL report may have showed “NA” because of the unavailability of enough credit history to assess your score. This is not necessarily bad. However, based on this, it will depend on the bank’s risk assessment to either accept or reject your loan application.
Also, only paying the minimum amount due increases your debt burden and hence should be avoided. The high outstanding balances will also be viewed negatively by lenders.
If you have not made inquiries from the banks you have mentioned, you should raise a dispute with CIBIL for correcting the information.

Regards,
Credexpert
http://www.credexpert.in

Reply

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sudhakar August 10, 2014 at 6:17 pm

Actually i was applied a new kotak mahindra credit card but the card status was REJECTED
purpose mentioned like with yours CIBIL score we are not satisfied so rejected…can u help me regarding CIBIL score because i dont know what is exactly….?

Reply

Credexpert August 11, 2014 at 10:29 am

Dear Sir,
It is a possibility that your CIBIL score was low and hence did not meet the bank policy or rejection can also be a factor of negative remarks on your report.

You can ask them for a copy of your report or you can obtain your own report from the CIBIL website to understand the exact reason for rejection.

Regards,
Credexpert
http://www.credexpert.in

Reply

ASR NAIDU September 16, 2014 at 6:22 am

I am a central Govt employee having a gross monthly income of Rs. 150000/- and net monthly income of Rs.110000/- after Tax,PF & Other allied charges.Recently I had applied for SBI credit card which was not approved due to inadequate CIBIL score . This prompted me to check my CIBIL score for the first time as till date there had never been a problem of this nature. Now I got my CIBIL Transunion score which is 681as on 11 Sept 2014. I found that on three occasions in last 36 months my citi Bk cc payment was delayed max by a week .It also reflected that Rs.150000/-as high credit against credit card limit of Rs.200000/-, which happened only once in last 3 years. I have taken 40 lacs home loan from SBI in 2010 for 20 years & paying Rs.42000/-EMI ,which is more than the EMI actually worked out by the Bk.There has been No delay/default in EMI till dt however in CIBIL report in No. Of months it shows ” XXX ” which means for those months bk has not provided information to CIBIL. Does this reflects as negative while preparation /calculating CIBIL score? I am planning to take car loan of 5 lacs I.e. only 70% of on road cost of car from SBI for a pd of 7 years. Will there be any problem with present CIBIL score, & if answer is YES then how CIBIL score to be improved to a desire d level & in how much time?

Reply

Credexpert September 18, 2014 at 10:01 am

Dear Mr. Naidu,

“XXX” appearing on your CIBIL report means that the bank has not provided your credit details to the credit bureau for those months. If you have been paying on time on this account, the good payment history, if reported, will have a positive affect on your score.

However, using up to 75% (1,50,000/2,00,000) of the credit card limit is not good since it increases your credit utilization which is one of the factors involved in calculation of scores. Ideally, one should use up to 35-40% of the card limit. Please ensure that you use the card judiciously, do not cross 30 – 40% of the credit limit issued to you and make payments regularly.

681 is a score which can be improved upon by showing disciplined credit behaviour over the next few months. As an industry practice, a score of 750 and above is considered to be a good score – the higher the better. However, each lending institution will have their own internal credit policies on score cut-offs and negative remarks, based on which the decision to approve your car loan will be taken.

The DPDs in the recent past may affect your loan application. However, when applying for the car loan, the reason for the 3 late payments, given that you have no other negative remarks on your credit history, can be explained and discussed with the bank.

Improvement in your credit score is a time consuming process and eventually your score will improve once you have built a good credit history. It is difficult to say how much time this will take and to what extent will it improve. However, it is important that you continue to maintain good credit behaviour.

Regards,
Credexpert
http://www.credexpert.in

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