CDSL IPO Review – Should You Invest or Not @ Rs. 145-149?

by Shiv Kukreja on June 20, 2017

in IPO/NFO

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at skukreja@investitude.co.in

Central Depository Services (India) Limited (or CDSL), a 50.05% subsidiary of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), has launched its initial public offer (IPO) from June 19 in the price band of Rs. 145-149 a share. The company is expected to raise Rs. 524 crore in this issue and the same will remain open for the next two days only to close on June 21.

This IPO is actually an offer for sale by some of CDSL’s existing shareholders, BSE, State Bank of India (SBI), Bank of Baroda and The Calcutta Stock Exchange, and that is why, the company is not going to get any money for any of its expansion plans or to retire any of its debt. Its other shareholders, HDFC Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, Canara Bank, Bank of India and Union Bank of India, are not selling any stake in this IPO.

CDSL derives its revenues from a multiple sources – issuer charges, transaction charges, IPO/corporate action charges, ECAS charges, e-voting charges, user facility charges, and many other services. It also earns a large part of its revenues from its investments in tax-free bonds and debt mutual funds.  

Before we take a decision to invest in this issue or not, let us first check out the salient features of this IPO:

Price Band – The company has fixed its price band to be between Rs. 145-149 per share and no discount is getting offered to the retail investors.

Size & Objective of the Issue – CDSL will issue around 3.52 crore shares in this issue at Rs. 149  a share to raise Rs. 524 crore from the investors. Out of this amount, the company plans to use crore for repayment/prepayment of some of its loans and redemption/early redemption of its NCDs, crore for the construction and purchase of fit outs for its new stores and the remaining proceeds for general corporate purposes.

Retail Allocation – 35% of the issue size is reserved for the retail individual investors (RIIs), 15% is reserved for the non-institutional investors and the remaining 50% shares will be allocated to the qualified institutional buyers (QIBs).

No Discount for Retail Investors – As mentioned above also, the company has decided not to offer any discount to the retail investors.

Anchor Investors – CDSL on Friday finalised allocation of approximately  crore shares to the anchor investors @ Rs. 149 per share for Rs.  crore. Some of these anchor investors include Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, FIL Investments (Mauritius) Limited, Goldman Sachs India Limited, SBI Magnum Tax Gain, ICICI Prudential Dividend Yield Equity Fund and ICICI Prudential Value Fund – Series 6.

Bid Lot Size & Minimum Investment – Investors need to bid for a minimum of 100 shares and in multiples of 100 shares thereafter. So, a retail investor would be required to invest a minimum of Rs. 14,900 at the upper end of the price band and Rs. 14,500 at the lower end of the price band.

Maximum Investment – Individual investors investing up to Rs. 2 lakh are categorised as retail individual investors (RIIs). As a retail investor, you can apply for a maximum of 13 lots of 100 shares @ Rs. 149 i.e. a maximum investment of Rs. 1,93,700. At Rs. 145 a share also, you can apply for 13 lots only, thus making it Rs. 1,88,500.

Listing – The shares of the company will get listed only on the National Stock Exchange (NSE), as the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) holds a majority shareholding in the company pre-IPO and as per the SEBI regulations, a stock exchange and its subsidiaries cannot get listed on its own exchange. The listing will happen within 6 working days after the issue gets closed on 21st June. June 30th is the tentative date for its listing.

Here are some other important dates after the issue gets closed:

Finalisation of Basis of Allotment – On or about June 29, 2017

Initiation of Refunds – On or about June 29, 2017

Credit of equity shares to investors’ demat accounts – On or about June 29, 2017

Commencement of Trading on the NSE/BSE – On or about June 30, 2017

Financials of CDSL

picture-1

(Note: Figures are in Rs. Crore, except per share data & percentage figures)

Comparison of CDSL & NSDL

picture-2

Should you invest in CDSL IPO @ Rs. 149?

Last year on October 14, BSE sold approximately 43.36 lakh shares in CDSL to LIC at Rs. 78.93 a share, at a price to earnings multiple of less than 10 times. I fail to understand what dramatically has changed in the company to seek a 89% premium to its last transaction price in just 8 months from then. Whether the last transaction was cheaply executed, or the current valuations are expensive, it is something we, the investors, need to evaluate.

At Rs. 149 a share, CDSL IPO is priced at 18 times its FY 2016-17 earnings and 2.92 times its net worth as on March 31, 2017, which seems fairly valued to me. In terms of market share, CDSL has been an outperformer, despite NSDL being a dominant player as far as use of technology is concerned. But, that is something CDSL has been doing at the cost of operating revenues and/or margins. It has grown at a steady pace all these years, but I would call it a dull show as the company has not been able to grow its revenues, profits and margins in line with its growth in market share.

Going forward, the business is expected to grow rapidly as the market sentiment has changed dramatically in the last 5-6 months and is expected to remain buoyant going forward as well. But, as the SEBI regulations limits extraordinary price changes by these depositories, I expect CDSL to grow at a relatively moderate pace only. No fireworks are expected in its operating revenues going forward and thus, I would advise investing in it just for the listing gains only and not for medium to long-term wealth creation.

{ 19 comments… read them below or add one }

harinee June 20, 2017 at 10:30 AM

The issue size is so low that applying is pointless. Thanks Shiv for again giving a great analysis

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 21, 2017 at 10:00 AM

Thanks Harinee!
That’s correct! This issue is too small to get any profitable allotment, even with 4-5 applications of a family.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 21, 2017 at 9:52 AM

Day 1 (June 19) Subscription Figures:

Category I – Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs) – 0.97 times
Category II – Non Institutional Investors (NIIs) – 0.61 times
Category III – Retail Individual Investors (RIIs) – 3.48 times
Category IV – Employees – 0.12 times
Total Subscription – 2.09 times

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 21, 2017 at 9:52 AM

Day 2 (June 20) Subscription Figures:

Category I – Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs) – 6.54 times
Category II – Non Institutional Investors (NIIs) – 3.36 times
Category III – Retail Individual Investors (RIIs) – 10.32 times
Category IV – Employees – 0.93 times
Total Subscription – 7.55 times

Reply

Praful patil June 21, 2017 at 10:16 AM

Sir mai fresh investor hu to kya is ipo me invest karana chayiye

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 21, 2017 at 10:31 AM

Hi Praful,
Is issue mein allotment ke chances bohot kam hain, but still aap invest kar sakte ho kyunki ismein loss hone ke chances bhi kaafi kam hain. Agar allotment ho jata hai, then it would be good for you.

Reply

Praful patil June 27, 2017 at 1:48 PM

Thanx sir .book 100 share of it . Give me better option to book ipo

Reply

Bobby June 21, 2017 at 10:24 AM

Thanks Shiv.

1. Any thoughts on how much listing gain can one expect?
2. Would the allotment happen on a pro-rata basis or lottery method would be used?

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 21, 2017 at 10:28 AM

Hi Bobby,
1. I don’t think the stock should get listed above Rs. 200. If it does, I would consider it to be overvalued. It should not be another DMart.
2. Allotment would happen on a lottery basis.

Reply

Bobby June 21, 2017 at 10:31 AM

Thanks Shiv. I think you shared this earlier but I don’t recall the details. How is the decision around allotment method (pro-rate basis or lottery method) made?

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 21, 2017 at 10:34 AM

Pro-rata basis of allotment is adopted in case enough shares are available to allot each & every retail investor. If not, then lottery system of allotment is adopted – http://www.onemint.com/2012/12/26/new-basis-of-allotment-explained-with-care-ipo

Reply

Bobby June 21, 2017 at 3:06 PM

Shiv – Could you share your views on GTPL Hathaway IPO as well? Summary or detailed whatever works for you.

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 30, 2017 at 10:16 AM

Sorry Bobby, could not share my views on time! I think GTPL Hathaway IPO was overvalued and one should have avoided it.

Reply

prosper June 23, 2017 at 4:27 PM

Nice Tips .Thanks for sharing post

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 30, 2017 at 10:21 AM

You are welcome Prosper!

Reply

vinay June 26, 2017 at 7:41 AM

where i can get new ipo details which in may be coming in coming months

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 30, 2017 at 10:22 AM

Hi Vinay,
Here is the link to the BSE for forthcoming IPOs – http://www.bseindia.com/markets/PublicIssues/IPOIssues_new.aspx?expandable=4&id=1&Type=p

Reply

Shreya Kapoor June 26, 2017 at 3:41 PM

Hi great article on investment. I am a prospective investor and wanting to invest Rs. 50,000 in a short term option. What can be some good options?

Reply

Shiv Kukreja June 30, 2017 at 10:23 AM

Hi Shreya,
Short term debt funds are good for short term investments.

Reply

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