HDFC AMC IPO Details – Price Band Rs. 1095-1100

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at shivskukreja@gmail.com

The initial public offer (IPO) of India’s second largest asset management company, HDFC Asset Management Company Ltd (HDFC AMC), is getting opened for subscription from today, July 25. HDFC AMC is the 56.97% subsidiary of HDFC Limited, while HDFC’s JV partner Standard Life owns around 37.98% in the company. This IPO is a 100% offer for sale (OFS) of around 2.55 crore equity shares by these promoters.

The company has fixed its price band in the range of Rs. 1,095-1,100 a share and no discount has been offered to the retail investors. The offer would constitute 12.01% of the company’s post-offer paid-up equity share capital. The issue will remain open for the next three days to close on July 27.

Here are some of the salient features of this issue:

Size of the Issue – This IPO is a 100% offer for sale (OFS) of 2,54,57,555 shares by the JV partners, HDFC Limited and Standard Life. This makes it a Rs. 2,800 crore IPO at the upper end of the price band i.e. Rs. 1,100. HDFC Limited and Standard Life are selling 85,92,970 and 1,68,64,585 of their shares respectively in this IPO. Post this IPO, HDFC will hold 52.92% stake and Standard Life will have 30.03% stake in the company.

Price Band – HDFC AMC has fixed its IPO price band to be between Rs. 1,095-1,100 a share and the company has decided not to offer any discount to the retail investors.

Retail Allocation – 35% of the issue has been reserved for the retail individual investors (RIIs), 15% for the non-institutional investors (NIIs) and the remaining 50% shares will be allocated to the qualified institutional buyers (QIBs).

No discount for Retail Investors or Employees – The company has decided not to offer any discount to any of its investors or to its employees either.

Bid Lot Size & Minimum Investment – Investors need to bid for a minimum of 13 shares in this offer and in multiples of 13 shares thereafter. So, a retail investor would be required to invest a minimum of Rs. 14,300 at the upper end of the price band and Rs. 14,235 at the lower end of the price band.

Maximum Investment – Individual investors investing up to Rs. 2 lakh are categorised as retail individual investors (RIIs). As a retail investor, you can apply for a maximum of 13 lots of 13 shares each @ Rs. 1,100 a share i.e. a maximum investment of Rs. 1,85,900. At Rs. 1,095 per share, you can apply for a maximum of 14 lots of 13 shares, thus making it Rs. 1,99,290.

Listing – The shares of the company will get listed on both the stock exchanges i.e. National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) within 6 working days after the issue gets closed on July 27. Thus, these shares are expected to get listed on the stock exchanges by August 6.

Here are some other important dates as the issue gets closed on July 27:

Finalisation of Basis of Allotment – On or about August 1, 2018

Initiation of Refunds – On or about August 2, 2018

Credit of equity shares to investors’ demat accounts – On or about August 3, 2018

Commencement of Trading on the NSE/BSE – On or about August 6, 2018

Financials of HDFC AMC

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(Note: Figures are in Rs. Crore, except per share data & percentage figures)

Should you invest in HDFC AMC IPO or Not @ Rs. 1,100?

I will update this post soon with HDFC AMC IPO Review.

Edelweiss’ ECL Finance 9.85% NCDs – July 2018 Issue

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at shivskukreja@gmail.com

ECL Finance Limited, one of the finance arms of the Edelweiss Group, is launching its public issue of secured and redeemable non-convertible debentures (NCDs) from today, July 24, 2018. The issue will carry an effective annual rate of 9.85% for 10 years, 9.65% for 5 years and 9.45% for 3 years.

The company aims to raise Rs. 2,000 crore from this issue, including a green-shoe option of Rs. 1,500 crore. The issue is scheduled to close on August 16, but in case of oversubscription, the company will have the option to foreclose it.

So, before we take a decision whether to invest in this issue or not, let us first check its salient features.

Size & Objective of the Issue – Base size of the issue is Rs. 500 crore and total issue size is Rs. 2,000 crore including the green shoe option of Rs. 1,500 crore. The company plans to use at least 75% of the issue proceeds for its lending activities and to repay its existing loans and up to 25% of the proceeds for general corporate purposes.

Coupon Rate & Tenor of the Issue – As mentioned above, the company is issuing these NCDs for a period of 3 years, 5 years and 10 years. Moreover, these NCDs will carry coupon rates in the range of 9.25% to 9.85% with monthly, annual and cumulative interest payment options.

There is a floating interest rate option as well, in which the interest rate will be reset on a periodic basis as per MIBOR. The company has decided to offer a spread of 2.50% over MIBOR with this option and the rate will be reset on an annual basis.

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Minimum Investment – Investors need to apply for a minimum of 10 NCDs in this issue with face value Rs. 1,000 each i.e. an investment of Rs. 10,000 at least.

Categories of Investors & Allocation Ratio – The investors have been classified in the following four categories and each category will have the below mentioned percentage fixed in the allotment:

Category I – Institutional Investors – 20% of the issue i.e. Rs. 400 crore

Category II – Non-Institutional Investors – 20% of the issue i.e. Rs. 400 crore

Category III – High Net-Worth Individuals (HNIs) – 30% of the issue i.e. Rs. 600 crore

Category IV – Retail Individual Investors (RIIs) – 30% of the issue i.e. Rs. 600 crore

Allotment on First-Come First-Served Basis – Subject to the allocation ratio, allotment will be made on a first-come first-served basis, as well as on a date priority basis, i.e. on the date of oversubscription, the allotment will be made on a proportionate basis to all the applicants of that day on which it gets oversubscribed.

NRIs Not Allowed – Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), foreign nationals and qualified foreign investors (QFIs) among others are not eligible to invest in this issue.

Credit Rating & Nature of NCDs – CRISIL and ICRA have rated this issue as ‘AA’ with a ‘Stable’ outlook. Moreover, these NCDs will be ‘Secured’ in nature.

Listing, Premature Withdrawal Option – These NCDs will get listed on both the stock exchanges i.e. Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) as well as National Stock Exchange (NSE). The listing will take place within 12 working days after the issue gets closed. As there will be no option of a premature redemption, the investors can always sell these bonds on the stock exchanges.

Demat A/c. Mandatory – Demat account is mandatory to invest in these NCDs as the company is not providing the option to apply for these NCDs in physical or certificate form.

TDS – Though the interest income would be taxable with these bonds, NCDs taken in demat form will not attract any TDS. The investor will have to pay tax on the interest income while filing his/her income tax return. TDS @ 10% will be deducted if these NCDs are held in physical/certificate form and annual interest income is more than Rs. 5,000.

Should you invest in ECL Finance NCDs?

During 2013-14 and 2014-15, ECL Finance came out with three of its NCD issues offering 12.52% p.a. for 60 months, 12.68% p.a. for 70 months and 10.64% p.a. for 60 months. But, those were times of high interest rates and it seems the scenario has changed somehow. Corporate issuers are not offering high rate of interest now and that is a new normal these days.

As none of the issuers in the recent times has offered 9.85% coupon, this issue by far is carrying the highest coupon rate. In March 2018, Edelweiss Retail Finance in its public issue of NCDs offered 9.25% for 10 years, 9% for 5 years and 8.75% for 3 years. So, ECL Finance is offering attractive interest rates relatively.

But, then this issue is rated ‘AA’, lower than all the previous issues of the recent times. Edelweiss Retail Finance issue was also rated ‘AA’ Stable by CRISIL and ICRA. So, the conservative investors, who go by credit ratings of such issues, might prefer to avoid this issue and wait for a higher rated issue. You also need to make a decision whether you want to have a relatively higher rate of interest with a slightly lower credit rating, or just skip it and wait for a better issue.

Investors, who fall in lower tax brackets and are looking for relatively higher interest rates to deploy their investible surplus, can think of investing in this issue. However, even if you decide to invest in this issue, I would advise you to go for a shorter possible duration and monthly interest payment option.

Application Form – ECL Finance NCDs

Note: As per SEBI guidelines, ‘Bidding’ is mandatory before banking the application form, else the application is liable to get rejected. For bidding of your application, any further info or to invest in ECL Finance NCDs, you can reach us at +91-9811797407

Computation of Tax on Gains from Futures & Options (F&O) Trading

This post is written by CA Karan Batra, who is the Founder and CEO of Chartered Club. He can be reached at mrkaranbatra@gmail.com

The Gains from trading in Future and Options (F&O) are not considered as Capital Gains but are considered as Business Income. These gains are considered as non-speculative business gains and therefore income tax on these gains is levied as per the income tax slab rates.

To levy income tax – the first thing which is required to be done is computation of income. Once the income is computed, the tax would be levied on the income so computed. The lower the income, the lower is the tax payable and the higher the income, the higher is the tax payable.

There are 2 ways to compute the Income from F&O Trading:-

  1. Normal system of computation i.e. Income = Sales – Purchase – Other Expenses – Depreciation
  2. Presumptive system of computation i.e. Income = Assumed percentage of Sales

These 2 systems have been explained below in detail.

Normal System of Taxation

Under the normal system of taxation, the income is computed as per the following formula:

Income = Sales – Purchase – Other Expenses – Depreciation

This can be explained with the help of an example.

Example: During the complete year 2017-18, Mr. A traded in Nifty several times. His total purchases were worth Rs. 70 lakhs and Sales were 80 lakhs. Apart from these, he also incurred several expenses related to his business which are:-

  1. Subscription plan for receiving stock market tips: Rs. 3,000
  2. Telephone and internet expenses: Rs. 20,000
  3. Salary paid to employee(s): Rs. 2,00,000
  4. Fee paid to CA for tax return filing: Rs. 10,000
  5. Other business expenses: Rs. 15,000

Therefore, his total other expenses are Rs. 2,48,000 (Rs. 2,00,000 + Rs. 20,000 + Rs. 3,000 + Rs. 10,000 + Rs. 15,000)

In addition, the depreciation on assets during the year was Rs. 1,25,000

In this case, the Income of Mr. A would be as follows:-

Income = Rs. 80,00,000 – Rs. 70,00,000 – Rs. 2,48,000 – Rs. 1,25,000

               Rs. 6,27,000

Under this system, the income is computed on actual basis and the taxpayer is required to maintain a record and invoice for each and every expense which he has made. Moreover, he is also required to maintain all the books of accounts, Profit & Loss A/c. as well as the Balance Sheet.

It gets very difficult for a small business owner to maintain so many records and to keep a copy of all the invoices.

Therefore, for small traders – there is another option wherein no records are required to be maintained and the tax is to be paid on an assumed basis. This scheme is called Presumptive Tax and is explained below.

Presumptive Scheme of Taxation – Section 44AD

Under the Presumptive scheme of taxation, the law gives the small traders an option to declare his income as a percentage of total turnover.

The law says that the small trader can disclose his income at any level above 6% of Turnover. The small trader would be required to disclose his total turnover and the income which he would like to disclose (Min 6%). Earlier the minimum required to be disclosed was 8% but this was reduced to 6% from Financial Year 2016-17 onwards. As the payment is always received in bank in case of F&O Transactions, they can disclose the income as 6% of Turnover.

In case the small trader feels that his income is less than 6%, he would be required to shift to the Normal Scheme of Taxation and prepare all books of accounts and keep copies of all invoices.

The presumptive scheme of tax is only applicable to traders whose annual turnover is less than Rs. 2 Crores.

However, in case of F&O Trading, as the value of contracts traded is huge – the manner of computation is a bit different and the same has been explained below.

Computation of Turnover in case of F&O Transactions

In case of F&O transactions, the total of all contracts sold would not be considered as the total turnover.

In case of F&O transactions – the turnover would be computed by taking into account the total of all favourable and unfavourable trades. This can be explained with the help of the following example:-

Mr. B enters into the following 2 transactions during the year:-

  1. Purchased 1 Lot of Nifty for Rs. 8,00,000 and sells the same for Rs. 8,50,000, thereby earning a profit of Rs. 50,000.
  2. Purchased 1 Lot of Reliance Industries for Rs. 9,50,000 and sold for Rs. 9,40,000, thereby incurring a loss of Rs. 10,000.

In the above case, the total turnover would be considered as Rs. 60,000.

Which of the above 2 systems is better?

The normal scheme of taxation may turn out to be better in some cases whereas Presumptive Scheme of taxation may turn out to be better in other cases.

Therefore, it is very difficult to state which option is better. The trader should himself assess as to which system is better for him.

In case you have any query regarding the tax treatment of F&O trading, or you have any special case of F&O trading gain/loss, please share it share. It might help other investors or tax-payers to get their issues resolved.

Shriram Transport Finance 9.50% NCDs – June 2018 Issue

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at skukreja@investitude.co.in

Shriram Transport Finance Company Limited (STFC) is launching its public issue of non-convertible debentures (NCDs) from today, June 27, 2018. This will be the first public issue by the company after a gap of four years. The company plans to raise Rs. 5,000 crore from this issue, including the green shoe option of Rs. 4,000 crore.

These NCDs will carry coupon rates in the range of 9.03% to 9.50%, resulting in an effective yield of 9.19% to 9.51% for the retail individual investors. The issue is scheduled to close on July 20, unless the company decides to foreclose it.

Before we take a decision whether to invest in this issue or not, let us first check the salient features of this issue.

Size & Objective of the Issue – Base size of the issue is Rs. 1,000 crore, with an option to retain oversubscription of an additional Rs. 4,000 crore, making the total issue size to be Rs. 5,000 crore. The company plans to use the issue proceeds for its lending and financing activities, to repay interest and principal of its existing borrowings and other general corporate purposes.

Coupon Rate & Tenor of the Issue – The issue will carry coupon rate of 9.50% p.a. for a period of 10 years, 9.40% p.a. for 5 years and 9.20% p.a. for 3 years. These rates would be applicable for annual interest payment only. Monthly interest payment option is available only with 5 years and 10 years tenors, and coupon rates for these periods would be 9.03% p.a. and 9.13% p.a. Respectively.

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0.25% Additional Coupon for Senior Citizens – The company has decided to offer an additional coupon of 0.25% p.a. to the retail investors, as well as HNI investors, who hold these NCDs on the relevant record date for the purpose of interest payment.

Categories of Investors & Allocation Ratio – The investors have been classified in the following four categories and each category will have the below mentioned percentage fixed in the allotment:

Category I – Qualified Institutional Bidders (QIBs) – 10% of the issue i.e. Rs. 500 crore

Category II – Non-Institutional Investors (NIIs) – 10% of the issue i.e. Rs. 500 crore

Category III – High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs) including HUFs – 40% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 2,000 crore

Category IV – Resident Indian Individuals including HUFs – 40% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 2,000 crore

Allotment on First Come First Served Basis – Subject to the allocation ratio, allotment will be made on a first-come first-served basis, as well as on a date priority basis, i.e. on the date of oversubscription, the allotment will be made on a proportionate basis to all the applicants of that day on which it gets oversubscribed.

NRIs Not Allowed – Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), foreign nationals and qualified foreign investors (QFIs) among others are not eligible to invest in this issue.

Credit Rating & Nature of NCDs – CRISIL and India Ratings have rated this issue as ‘AA+’ with a ‘Stable’ outlook. Moreover, these NCDs will be ‘Secured’ in nature.

Listing, Premature Withdrawal – These NCDs are proposed to get listed on both the stock exchanges, Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) as well as National Stock Exchange (NSE). The listing will take place within 12 working days after the issue gets closed. Though there is no option of a premature redemption, the investors can always sell these NCDs on the stock exchanges.

Demat A/c. Mandatory – Demat account is mandatory to invest in these NCDs as the company is not providing the option to apply for these NCDs in physical or certificate form.

TDS – Though the interest income would be taxable with these bonds, NCDs taken in demat form will not attract any TDS. The investor will have to pay tax on the interest income while filing his/her income tax return. TDS @ 10% will be deducted if these NCDs are held in physical/certificate form and annual interest income is more than Rs. 5,000.

Minimum Investment Size – STFC has fixed Rs. 10,000 as the minimum amount to invest in this issue. So, if you want to invest in this issue, you need to apply for a minimum of ten NCDs worth Rs. 1,000 each.

Should you invest in Shriram Transport Finance NCDs?

Shriram Transport Finance issued its NCDs in a public issue four years ago in 2014 at an effective yield of 11% to 11.50%. During that time, inflation was still high, but bond yields and interest rates had just started their downward journey. Now, these NCDs are offering an effective yield of 9.19% to 9.51%. So, if we compare NCDs of the same issuer with its previous issues, there is a material downward shift that has happened. But, if we compare other companies’ coupon rates from their latest issues with that of STFC’s coupon rates, STFC scores over other issuers.

Moreover, STFC is a fundamentally sound company with a long track record of strong income and earnings growth. It also carries a credit rating of ‘AA+’ with a ‘Stable’ outlook. All these factors augur well for this issue and as interest rates on bank FDs are still ruling lower, this issue gives risk-averse investors an opportunity to invest their surplus money into high yielding NCDs.

Application Form of Shriram Transport Finance NCDs

Note: As per SEBI guidelines, ‘Bidding’ is mandatory before banking the application form, else the application is liable to get rejected. For bidding of your application, any further info or to invest in these NCDs, you can contact us at +91-9811797407

Useful Online Tools You Can Use To Make Your Financial Life Easier

Many a times you need assistance while handling your finances, but you have nowhere to look for. Instead what you end up doing is either approach others for help or buy some software to solve your problems. But, why be dependent on anyone or spend money when the internet is full of helpful websites.

The internet hosts numerous websites with valuable tools that are completely free to use and can be of great help with money management. So, without further ado, let’s read ahead and check what these online tools are and how you can use them.

Financial Calculators

What is it that you are planning to do? Are you looking forward to taking a home loan or a personal loan, or are you interested in filing your income tax return (ITR)? Well, if your answer is yes, then the internet has a host of calculators available that can help you calculate your loan repayment amount or your tax returns.

Financial calculators give you a clear picture of what your expenses are going to be. To use these financial calculators, you only require a working internet connection and knowledge of good finance websites that offer such calculators. Once you access these calculators, you are required to put in the details as asked and keep proceeding as per instructions until you reach the result.

Insurance Calculators

Buying insurance is gradually shifting online. Online purchase of various plans, including pure term plans, is already drawing the attention of insurers. That is simply because of the online calculators, and very few add-on features of term insurance plans. However, insurance calculators are not just limited to term insurance plans. You can compare the quotes for ULIPs and Pension Plans as well.

Insurance calculators are specially designed to help you calculate the required monthly/annual premium if you are thinking of purchasing insurance plans. These calculators allow you to adjust the sum that you want your family to receive in your absence.

You can select various features and compare the premium for adding covers to your base plan. For example, term insurance of Rs. 1 crore may only cost about Rs. 11,000 or so for a 30-year-old non-smoker person. But, adding a Rs. 25 lakh critical illness cover may increase the premium by Rs. 2,000 or more.

Another example could be the term insurance calculator determining your monthly, half-yearly, or annual premium payments and helping you select the most affordable option. Annual premiums usually enjoy a discount over monthly premiums.

E-Insurance Account

You can now adopt e-insurance accounts to maintain your insurance policies in electronic form. Such electronic insurance account gives you access to your life insurance portfolio in a few clicks. This eliminates the need for physical policy documents. By submitting all the required KYC documents, you can open this account (opening the same is free). This brings benefits like:

* You can revise your insurance policies with accuracy and speed

* It increases transparency

Budget Planners

It can be a difficult thing to handle money and organize your expenses every month. Well, that can be controlled by budget planning tools available on the internet. These tools allow you to link your credit cards, debit cards, savings accounts, investments and loans all in one place. They also categorize and update every transaction that you make, thus helping you to understand where your money is being spent. This, in turn, helps you discover new ways and opportunities to save your money. Budget planners help you differentiate between the expenses that are a must, as compared to the expenses that are not entirely required.

You may be struggling with handling your finances. But, with these tools, you can lead a financially relieved life. These tools can assist you in planning out your financial goals and even predict whether such goals are achievable. The internet is home to numerous opportunities and the same can be said for financial management as well. So, try these online tools today and watch your lives turn around for the best.

JM Financial Credit Solutions 9.75% NCDs – May 2018 Issue

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at skukreja@investitude.co.in

JM Financial Credit Solutions Limited, a venture between JM Financial Limited holding 50.01% and INH Mauritius holding 48.62%, is going to launch its issue of Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs) from the coming Monday i.e. May 28, 2018. The company plans to raise Rs. 750 crore from this issue, including the green shoe option of Rs. 450 crore.

These NCDs will carry coupon rates in the range of 9.11% to 9.75%, resulting in an effective yield of 9.24% to 9.74% for the retail individual investors. The issue is scheduled to close on June 20, unless the company decides to foreclose it.

Before we take a decision whether to invest in this issue or not, let us first check the salient features of this issue.

Size & Objective of the Issue – Base size of the issue is Rs. 300 crore, with an option to retain oversubscription of an additional Rs. 450 crore, making the total issue size to be Rs. 750 crore. The company plans to use the issue proceeds for its lending and financing activities, to repay interest and principal of its existing borrowings and other general corporate purposes.

Coupon Rate & Tenor of the Issue – The issue will carry coupon rate of 9.25% p.a. for a period of 38 months, 9.50% p.a. for 60 months and 9.75% p.a. for 120 months. These rates are applicable for annual interest payment only. Monthly interest payment option is available only with 60 months and 120 months tenors, and coupon rates for these periods have been fixed at 9.11% p.a. and 9.34% p.a. Respectively.

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Categories of Investors & Allocation Ratio – The investors have been classified in the following four categories and each category will have the below mentioned percentage fixed in the allotment:

Category I – Qualified Institutional Bidders (QIBs) – 20% of the issue i.e. Rs. 150 crore

Category II – Non-Institutional Investors (NIIs) – 20% of the issue i.e. Rs. 150 crore

Category III – High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs) including HUFs – 30% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 225 crore

Category IV – Resident Indian Individuals including HUFs – 30% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 225 crore

Allotment on First Come First Served Basis – Subject to the allocation ratio, allotment will be made on a first-come first-served basis, as well as on a date priority basis, i.e. on the date of oversubscription, the allotment will be made on a proportionate basis to all the applicants of that day on which it gets oversubscribed.

NRIs Not Allowed – Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), foreign nationals and qualified foreign investors (QFIs) among others are not eligible to invest in this issue.

Credit Rating & Nature of NCDs – ICRA and India Ratings have rated this issue as ‘AA’ with a ‘Stable’ outlook. Moreover, these NCDs will be ‘Secured’ in nature.

Listing, Premature Withdrawal – These NCDs will get listed only on both the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). The listing will take place within 12 working days after the issue gets closed. Though there is no option of a premature redemption, the investors can always sell these NCDs on the stock exchanges.

Demat A/c. Mandatory – Demat account is mandatory to invest in these NCDs as the company is not providing the option to apply for these NCDs in physical or certificate form.

TDS – Though the interest income would be taxable with these bonds, NCDs taken in demat form will not attract any TDS. The investor will have to pay tax on the interest income while filing his/her income tax return. TDS @ 10% will be deducted if these NCDs are held in physical/certificate form and annual interest income is more than Rs. 5,000.

Should you invest in JM Financial Credit Solutions NCDs?

JM Financial Credit Solutions Limited is a relatively new company with a strong promoter background. The company reported revenues of Rs. 103.73 crore during FY 2014-15, Rs. 788.36 crore in FY 2016-17 and Rs. 959.93 crore in FY 2017-18. Profit after tax (PAT) of the company has grown from Rs. 48.80 crore in FY 2014-15 to Rs. 277.25 crore in FY 2016-17 and Rs. 328.29 crore in FY 2017-18.

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Note: Figures are in Rs. Crore, except per share data & percentage figures.

Loan Book as on March 31, 2018

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The company has been able to grow its loan book from Rs. 1,844 crore in FY 2014-15 to Rs. 5,658 crore in FY 2016-17 and Rs. 7,339 crore in FY 2017-18. As mentioned in the table below, 50.2% of its loan book is of project finance, 17.3% loan against property, 8.7% loan against shares, 8.9% project at early stage loans, 13.2% loans against land and 1.7% unsecured loans.

This issue has been rated ‘AA’ as compared to DHFL’s issue which is rated ‘AAA’. That is because DHFL is a much larger and stable company with a long history of being a loan financier as compared to JM Financial Credit Solutions. There is a coupon rate differential of just 0.50% p.a. for 5 years and 0.65% p.a. for 10 years. So, if somebody trusts the the JM Financial group and its management and wants to reap the benefits of its growth story going forward, then I think investing in its shares would be a better option rather than investing in its subsidiary’s NCDs.

Risk-averse and tax-exempt investors, however, can consider investing in these NCDs for a period of 38 months or 60 months, preferably with monthly or annual interest payment option.  

Application Form of JM Financial Credit Solutions NCDs

Note: As per SEBI guidelines, ‘Bidding’ is mandatory before banking the application form, else the application is liable to get rejected. To invest in these NCDs, bidding of your application form or any further info, you may contact us at +91 – 9811797407

DHFL 9.10% NCDs – May 2018 Issue

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at skukreja@investitude.co.in

DHFL, or Dewan Housing Finance Limited, is coming out with its issue of Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs) from the coming Tuesday i.e. May 22, 2018. These NCDs will carry coupon rates in the range of 8.56% to 9.10%, resulting in an effective yield of 8.90% to 9.10% for the retail individual investors.

DHFL plans to raise Rs. 12,000 crore from this issue, including the green shoe option of Rs. 9,000 crore. The issue will remain open for 2 weeks and is scheduled to close on June 4, unless the company decides to foreclose it.

Before we take a decision whether to invest in this issue or not, let us first check the salient features of this issue.

Size & Objective of the Issue – Base size of the issue is Rs. 3,000 crore, with an option to retain oversubscription of an additional Rs. 9,000 crore, making the total issue size to be Rs. 12,000 crore. The company plans to use the issue proceeds for its lending and financing activities, to repay interest and principal of its existing borrowings and other general corporate purposes.

Categories of Investors & Allocation Ratio – The investors have been classified in the following four categories and each category will have the below mentioned percentage fixed in the allotment:

Category I – Qualified Institutional Bidders (QIBs) – 25% of the issue i.e. Rs. 3,000 crore

Category II – Non-Institutional Investors (NIIs) – 10% of the issue i.e. Rs. 1,200 crore

Category III – High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs) investing more than Rs. 10 lakh, including HUFs – 30% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 3,600 crore

Category IV – Resident Indian Individuals investing up to Rs. 10 lakh, including HUFs – 35% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 4,200 crore

Coupon Rate & Tenor of the Issue – The issue will carry coupon rate of 8.90% p.a. for a period of 3 years, 9% p.a. for 5 years and 7 years and 9.10% p.a. for 10 years. These rates are applicable for annual interest rate payment only. Monthly interest payment option is available only with 3 years and 5 years tenors, and coupon rates for these periods have been fixed at 8.56% p.a. and 8.65% p.a. respectively.

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Additional 0.10% Coupon for Senior Citizens – Category III and Category IV investors, who are senior citizens on the deemed date of allotment, will be eligible for an additional 0.10% interest rate provided they hold these NCDs on the record date for the purpose of interest payment.

One-Time Additional Incentive on Maturity – Category III and Category IV initial allottees will be paid a one-time additional incentive of 0.50% for the 5-year annual as well monthly interest payment options, 0.70% for the 7-year option and 1% for the 10-year option. This incentive will be paid at the time of maturity and only to those investors who hold these NCDs throughout their respective duration. No such incentive will be paid with the 3-year interest payment options.

MIBOR Linked Floating Interest Rate – Like its previous issue, DHFL has decided to offer an option to have floating interest rate with these NCDs. The specified spread will be 2.16% p.a. over and above the benchmark MIBOR for all the categories of investors. Benchmark MIBOR will be computed on an annualized basis, based on the Reference Overnight MIBOR published by Financial Benchmark India Pvt. Ltd. (FBIL), and it will be reset once every year in the second and third year.

Allotment on First Come First Served Basis – Subject to the allocation ratio, allotment will be made on a first-come first-served basis, as well as on a date priority basis, i.e. on the date of oversubscription, the allotment will be made on a proportionate basis to all the applicants of that day on which it gets oversubscribed.

NRIs Not Allowed – Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), foreign nationals and qualified foreign investors (QFIs) among others are not eligible to invest in this issue.

Credit Rating & Nature of NCDs – CARE and Brickwork Ratings have rated this issue as ‘AAA’ with a ‘Stable’ outlook. Moreover, these NCDs will be ‘Secured’ in nature.

Listing, Premature Withdrawal & Put/Call Option – These NCDs will get listed on both the national exchanges i.e. Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) as well as National Stock Exchange (NSE). The listing will take place within 12 working days after the issue gets closed. Though there is no option of a premature redemption, the investors can always sell these NCDs on the stock exchanges. There is no option either with the company to ‘Call’ these NCDs prematurely.

Demat Not Mandatory – Demat account is not mandatory to invest in these NCDs as the investors will have the option to apply for these NCDs in physical or certificate form as well.

TDS – Though the interest income would be taxable with these bonds, NCDs taken in a demat form will not attract any TDS. The investor will have to pay tax on the interest income while filing his/her income tax return.

Should you invest in DHFL NCDs?

Bond yields have been rising for the last 12-18 months, and that too, at an unusually fast speed. Benchmark 10-year government bond yield is currently trading very close to 7.90% levels, while it touched a low of around 6.10% during demonetization period.

In August 2016, when the bond yields were trading between 6.70% to 7%, DHFL issued its NCDs with coupon rates ranging between 8.83% to 9.30% and the issue got oversubscribed to the tune of 4.70 times on the first day itself. Encouraged by such an extraordinary response, DHFL came out with its second tranche of a bigger size a few days later, and that too got oversubscribed 1.26 times on Day 1.

Going by that experience, I think this issue should also get oversubscribed much before its official closing date. But, despite of the fact that the bond yields have risen by around 2% since demonetization, it is somewhat disappointing to have coupon rates on offer even lower than its August 2016 issues.

The current NDA government is about to complete its 4-year term and I expect both equity markets as well as bond markets to exhibit a lot of volatility in the next 1-2 years. Given such a scenario, I think it is time the passive or risk-averse investors should park their money in safer investment instruments. These NCDs too are relatively safer carrying ‘AAA’ rating, except for the fact that DHFL is a private issuer.

Coupon rates of 8.56% to 9.10% do not attract me much, despite the issue being rated ‘AAA’. I would rather prefer to invest in debt mutual funds, hoping bond yields to fall once the economy stabilizes post next year’s elections. However, investors, who are not required to pay any tax on their annual taxable income or who fall in the 10% tax bracket, can consider investing in these NCDs for a period of 3 years or max 5 years. As expressed earlier as well, I personally avoid longer term investment periods with private companies, so would advise my clients to avoid longer period investments in such NCDs.

Application Form of DHFL NCDs

Note: As per SEBI guidelines, ‘Bidding’ is mandatory before banking the application form, else the application is liable to get rejected. To invest in these NCDs, bidding of your application form or any further info, you may contact us at +919811797407

SREI Equipment Finance 9.60% Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs) – April 2018 Issue

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at skukreja@investitude.co.in

After SREI Infrastructure Finance, Edelweiss Retail Finance and Muthoot Finance, SREI Equipment Finance has decided to launch its issue of non-convertible debentures (NCDs). The issue will open for subscription from April 25th and carry interest rates in the range of 8.50% to 9.60% per annum. These NCDs will be issued for a period of 400 days, 3 years, 5 years and 10 years.

The company plans to raise Rs. 1,000 crore from this issue, including the green-shoe option of Rs. 500 crore. These NCDs have been rated ‘AA+’ by Brickwork Ratings and SMERA and are ‘Secured’ in nature. The issue is scheduled to close on May 16, but it is highly unlikely that it will remain unsusbcribed till then.

Before we decide whether to invest in this issue or not, let us quickly check some of its salient features:

Size & Objective of the Issue – Base size of this issue is Rs. 500 crore, with a green-shoe option to retain an additional Rs. 500 crore, thus making it a Rs. 1,000 crore issue. The company plans to use at least 75% of the issue proceeds for its lending activities and to refinance its existing loans and up to 25% of the proceeds for general corporate purposes.

Coupon Rate & Tenor of the Issue – The issue will carry a coupon rate of 8.75% p.a. payable on a monthly basis, 9.10% p.a. payable annually and on a cumulative basis for a period of 3 years. For 5 years, these rates stand at 9% payable monthly and 9.35% for annual and cumulative options. The rates on offer are the highest for 10 years – 9.20% payable monthly and 9.60% payable annually or on a cumulative basis.

As you can check from the table below, these rates are effectively higher than all the issues that came in the last 2-3 months.

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For Category I and Category II investors also, these NCDs carry the same rate of interest as it is for Category III investors.

No Additional Coupon for Shareholders, NCD Holders, Senior Citizens or Employees – Unlike its previous issue, the company has decided not to offer any additional coupon to the shareholders or NCD holders or the employees of the company or its parent company, and senior investors as well.

Minimum Investment – Investors are required to subscribe to at least ten units of these NCDs, thus making it a minimum investment of Rs. 10,000.

Categories of Investors & Allocation Ratio – The investors have been classified in the following three categories and each category will have the below mentioned percentage fixed in the allotment:

Category I – Institutional Investors – 20% of the issue i.e. Rs. 200 crore

Category II – Non-Institutional Investors – 20% of the issue i.e. Rs. 200 crore

Category III – Individuals Investors & HUFs – 60% of the issue i.e. Rs. 600 crore

Allotment will be made on a first-come first-served basis, as well as on a date priority basis i.e. on the date of oversubscription, the allotment will be made on a proportionate basis to all the applicants of that day on which the issue gets oversubscribed.

NRIs Not Allowed – Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), foreign nationals and qualified foreign investors (QFIs) among others are not eligible to invest in this issue.

Credit Rating – Rating agencies, Brickwork Ratings (BWR) and SMERA have rated this issue as ‘AA+’ with a ‘Stable ‘ outlook. Debt instruments with such a rating are considered to have a high degree of safety regarding timely payment of interest and principal.

Secured NCDs – Unlike its previous issue which offered ‘Unsecured’ NCDs, this issue carries NCDs which are ‘Secured’ in nature i.e. in case of any default on its payment of interest or principal, the bondholders will have the right on certain assets of the company.

Listing, Premature Withdrawal & Put Option – These NCDs will get listed only on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the listing will take place within 12 working days from the issue closure date.

Demat Mandatory except Series IV, Series VII and Series X NCDs – Investors need to have a demat account to apply for these NCDs, except Series IV, Series VII and Series X. Notably, these NCDs will pay interest rates on an annual basis.

TDS – Interest income earned on these NCDs is taxable and the investors are required to pay tax on it as per the respective tax slabs they fall in. TDS @ 10% will be deducted if these NCDs are held in physical/certificate form and annual interest income is more than Rs. 5,000. NCDs held in demat mode will not attract any TDS.

Should you invest in SREI Equipment Finance NCDs?

Financials of the company have improved over the past 12-24 months. The company reported profit after tax (PAT) of Rs. 181.98 crore for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017, which is higher than its financial year 2016-17 profit of Rs. 148.84 crore. Net interest margin (NIM) as well as net profit margin, both have seen a healthy growth during this period. On the asset quality front too, the company has done well to consistently contain its gross NPAs and Net NPAs. Gross NPAs have fallen from 4.97% in 2014 to 1.99% in 2017. Net NPAs too have fallen from 4.07% to 1.39% in the same period.

Financials of SREI Equipment Finance Limited

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(Note: Figures are in Rs. Crore, except per share data & percentage figures)

These NCDs are not for everybody. Risk-averse investors and those who fall in the 30% or 20% tax bracket should avoid investing in them. Also, I think 10 years is a long period to invest with a private company. Investors, with an appetite of taking some risk and who fall in the lower tax brackets, can consider investing in these NCDs for a period of 400 days, 3 years or 5 years. You should consider subscribing for the 10-year option only if you have full faith in the company’s future prospects and also, if you think that the interest rates are going to fall going forward.

Out of the eleven options available, I would personally prefer Series VII, the 5-year annual interest payment option, as I would like the interest to get reinvested at 9% on a monthly basis and credited to my bank account at least once in a year.

Application Form – SREI Equipment Finance NCDs

Note: As per SEBI guidelines, ‘Bidding’ is mandatory before banking the application form, else the application is liable to get rejected. For bidding of your application, any further info or to invest in SREI Equipment Finance NCDs, you can reach us on +91-9811797407

Muthoot Finance 9% Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs) – April 2018 Issue

This post is written by Shiv Kukreja, who is a Certified Financial Planner and runs a financial planning firm, Ojas Capital in Delhi/NCR. He can be reached at skukreja@investitude.co.in

Muthoot Finance is launching its issue of non-convertible debentures (NCDs) in the new financial year starting April 9, 2018. The company plans to raise Rs. 500 crore from this issue, with an option to retain oversubscription to the tune of Rs. 3,000 crore. These NCDs will carry coupon rates between 8% for 400 days and 9% for 60 months. Maturity period will range between 400 days to 60 months, having monthly, annually and cumulative interest payment options. The issue will remain open for a month and is scheduled to close on May 8, 2018.

Here are the salient features of the issue you should consider before taking a decision to invest or not:

Size of the issue – Base size of the issue is Rs. 500 crore and Muthoot will have the option to retain oversubscription to the tune of Rs. 3,000 crore, including the green-shoe option of Rs. 2,500 crore.

Minimum Investment – Investors are required to apply for a minimum of ten bonds of Rs. 1,000 face value i.e. an investment of at least Rs. 10,000.

Coupon Rates – Muthoot has decided to offer interest rates similar to what it offered last year in April 2017. These NCDs will carry coupon rates in the range of 8% for 400 days to 9% for 60 months. All these NCDs will be ‘Secured’ in nature.

Double your Money Option Missing – Muthoot used to offer an option to double your money in 8 years (or 96 months). This option was there last year as well, but it was ‘Unsecured’ in nature. However, there is no such option this year.

An effective yield of 9.06% p.a. results in doubling your money in 8 years. So, having an option of 9% for 5 years and then reinvesting the proceeds for another 3 years at approximately 9.25% would help you double your investment amount. But, you will have to consider tax effects on the interest payments.

You can check the rates offered for different maturities and different payment options from the table below:

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Categories of Investors & Allocation Ratio – The investors have been classified in the following four categories and each category will have certain percentage fixed for the allotment:

Category I – Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs) – 20% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 600 crore

Category II – Non-Institutional Investors & Corporates – 20% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 600 crore

Category III – High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs) & HUFs investing more than Rs. 10 lakhs – 30% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 900 crore

Category IV – Retail Individual Investors, including HUFs investing up to Rs. 10 lakhs – 30% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 900 crore

Allotment on First-Come First-Served Basis –Allotment will be made on a first-come first-served basis, as well as on a date priority basis i.e. on the date of oversubscription, the allotment will be made on a proportionate basis to all the applicants of that day on which it gets oversubscribed.

NRI/QFI Investments – Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), foreign nationals and Qualified Foreign Investors (QFIs) among others are not allowed to invest in this issue.

Ratings & Nature of NCDs – CRISIL and ICRA, the two rating agencies involved in this issue, have assigned ‘AA/Stable’ rating to the issue, indicating the issue to be safe as far as timely payments of interest and principal investments are concerned. As mentioned above as well, all these NCDs are ‘Secured’ in nature.

Demat Account Mandatory – Muthoot has decided to issue these NCDs compulsorily in demat form. So, if you don’t have a demat account, you won’t be able to apply for these NCDs.

Taxability & TDS – Interest earned on these NCDs will be taxable as per the tax slab of the investor. However, as these NCDs will be allotted compulsorily in your demat accounts, no TDS will be deducted from your interest income.

Listing on BSE – Muthoot has decided to get its NCDs listed only on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). Allotment as well as listing of these NCDs will happen within 12 working days from the closing date of the issue.

Should you invest in Muthoot Finance NCDs?

Despite of the fact that the bond yields have jumped by close to 1.5% in the last one and a half years, no company is willing to raise interest rates on their NCDs. In April 2017, when bond yields were far lower than their current levels, Muthoot offered interest rates in a similar range. SREI Infrastructure Finance and Edelweiss Retail Finance, both raised money in the previous quarter by issuing their NCDs and offered interest rates close to what Muthoot is offering in this issue.

I think Muthoot, SREI Infra Finance and Edelweiss Retail Finance, all should have offered higher interest rates. But, as long as banks are not willing to raise interest rates on their fixed deposits, these finance companies have the liberty to take this opportunity of raising money at such lower rates.

To me, these interest rates are not attractive. I would rather invest my money in debt funds or stocks of fundamentally sound companies for long term or bank FDs of shorter duration.

Application Forms – Muthoot Finance NCDs

Note: As per SEBI guidelines, ‘Bidding’ is mandatory before banking the application form, else the application is liable to get rejected. For bidding of your application, any further info or to invest in Muthoot NCDs, you can contact us at +91-9811797407

Financial Mistakes We Should Avoid To Secure Our Lives

Life without mistakes is a myth. All of us tend to make mistakes at every stage of life – from childhood to adulthood. But, with every mistake we make, we get to learn a new lesson and become wiser and more experienced. While childhood mistakes do not matter, mistakes we make in adulthood matter and sometimes lead to hamper our quality lives, especially if they are financial in nature. Let us go through some of our financial mistakes and try to learn from them.

Not Living in the Present

Often, we regret our past mistakes and worry too much about repeating them going forward. In the process, we tend to ignore the fruits of the present. In short, we do not enjoy what we have or make any meaningful life derivative from our today. For example, our worry about the financial uncertainties, or the fear of probable financial concerns in the future. It may or may not happen. Hence, we continue saving money from our limited sources of income.

Future is uncertain – we all know that. However, by restricting access to our own income in the present, through savings, is not such a smart thing to do if we do not approach it wisely and prudently. We ought to invest, not save. It is important to ask yourself how much savings and investment we should do in the present to safeguard our future income or other monetary requirements. In that sense, you must let your money grow. The only compounded growth of your income must give you the satisfaction of savings/investment in the present. It is not only our income which is uncertain, but also our future which is not in our hands. We can only do as much to safeguard our future expenses and real-time requirements.

Blaming the Past for Your Present

Learning from the past mistakes holds the key to a practical future. There is no point in ruining your present because of the mistakes you made in the past. If you have still not saved and invested money, there is no point cribbing or blaming yourself for it. A better approach is to start planning for today.

Moreover, it is better late than never. Fortunately, there are many financial instruments, including a mutual fund SIP or a life insurance policy, which you can buy for a fixed tenure at an early stage of life, say age of 18 years or so. Though there is no age limit as far as mutual fund investments are concerned, insurance companies however do set an upper age limit to buy an insurance policy. So, if you have not invested so far, there is no point delaying it further to secure a financially stable future.

Not Building Your Future

While budgeting for your family expenses, you should consider the depreciating value of money. If you are just living by the present standards of living, and not considering the money needed to secure your future, you are making a grave mistake of not having a sound and viable living in the future. There is a need to invest, and there is a need to do that smartly. By choosing to spend your time and money only on the present, is like turning a blind eye to the road of life ahead. It can be full of minor bumps and more significant uncertainties. A life insurance plan, for example, is a prudent investment to have monetary access in the future as well. You need to evolve financially for a safe and secure future.

Not planning for the Worst

The proverb, hope for the best and prepare for the worst, has a different connotation when you are planning to budget or invest in the future. It should be hope for the best and plan for the worst. One should be optimistic in life, agreed, but that should not deter you from planning for the future especially when it concerns the matters of finance. It needs more time and effort for you to prepare for the life ahead. Life is full of uncertainties and to cover up financially, you may need the assistance of an insurance policy to help you overcome any real obstacle in the needy times.

So, an insurance policy can provide you financial assistance and protection against life uncertainties like death of the bread winner (giving money equivalent to the value of your income at ‘that’ given point of time), simple savings plans, retirement plans, health plans, thus, ensuring the fact that you have money when you need it the most.