Pakistan faces shortage of electricity regularly, and needs some short term measures to bridge the gap between demand and supply, but the surprising part to me was that India is not a surplus electricity generator itself, so how can India export electricity to Pakistan or for that matter, any other country?
I think these are the only two countries that India exports any electricity as I couldnâ€™t find any information on exports to other countries.
Among its neighbors, India imports electricity from Bhutan and thatâ€™s because Bhutan has surplus electricity generation.
According to MOSPI data â€“ India consumed 6,12,645 GWh of electricity in 2010 â€“ 11
so the 1,000 MW electricity export is a rather tiny amount, and I think this is more of a diplomatic step aimed at improving relationships rather than a measure that will have any meaningful impact on Indiaâ€™s overall trade or electricity production and consumption. Â In that sense this is probably similar to the 1000 metric tons of onion imports from Pakistan back in the early part of 2011, except that Pakistan didnâ€™t have an onion shortage of its own.
Update: As xyz has pointed out in comments below, we can’t estimate how much electricity we will end up exporting based on the information currently available and therefore my conclusion is inaccurate. I have canceled out that part of the post, and I apologize for my oversight.Â