As National Housing Bank (NHB) tax-free bonds issue is about to get launched from Monday, Indian Railways Finance Corporation (IRFC) would also be coming out with its issue from January 6. Like many of the investors, I am also disappointed with the coupon rates IRFC has announced to offer and also with its decision not to offer the 20-year option.
If any of you doesn’t know already, IRFC has decided to offer 8.48% per annum for the 10-year option and 8.65% per annum for the 15-year option. These rates are lower than the rates NHB issue will carry i.e. 8.51% p.a. for 10 years and 8.88% p.a. for 15 years. As both these issues are ‘AAA’ rated and both companies are government organisations, I think people would be more enthusiastic about NHB bonds.
Though at one place in the prospectus the closing date has been mentioned as February 20, 2014, it has been stated as January 20, 2014 at all other places. Looking at the illustrative example it gets clear that it is indeed January 20th.
Size of the Issue - IRFC is authorised to issue tax free bonds worth Rs. 10,000 crore this financial year, out of which it has already raised Rs. 1,337 crore through a couple of private placements. With base issue size of Rs. 1,500 crore, IRFC plans to mop up all of the remaining Rs. 8,663 crore with this issue, including the green-shoe option to retain additional Rs. 7,163 crore.
I would call IRFC move to be brave enough to target such a large amount to be raised within a span of just eleven working days, which others have not been able to do even with two tranches of longer durations.
Coupon Rates on Offer - People who were hoping to get even higher interest rates and planning to diversify their portfolio with this issue and the NHB issue, have been left disappointed by the interest rates IRFC has fixed to offer. Coupon rates of IRFC have been 0.23% lower with the 15-year option and 0.03% lower for the 10-year option as compared to the NHB issue. As always, the non-retail investors will get 0.25% less rate of interest every year.
As compared to IIFCL as well, which is currently offering 8.66% p.a. for the 10-year option and 8.73% p.a. for the 15-year option, the rates are lower. So, the investors can still subscribe to the IIFCL issue if they haven’t already, as it is still undersubscribed in the retail investors category.
Rating of the Issue - IRFC is the financing arm of the Indian Railways with zero non-performing assets. It earns assured net interest margins (NIMs) from the Ministry of Railways (MoR) and other related entities like Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) and RailTel.
Most importantly, in case of any default or shortfall in the money required to redeem these bonds, the MoR will be required to fund the payments due to the bondholders. So, there is minimal risk involved with these bonds and probably that is the reason all rating agencies, CRISIL, ICRA and CARE, have assigned ‘AAA’ rating to the issue.
NRI/QFI Investment - Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) are eligible to invest in this issue, on a repatriation basis as well as on a non-repatriation basis. Qualified Foreign Investors (QFIs) are also eligible to invest in the issue.
Investor Categories & Allocation Ratio - The investors have been classified in the following four categories and each category will have certain percentage of the issue size reserved during the allocation process:
Category I – Qualified Institutional Bidders (QIBs) – 10% of the issue i.e. Rs. 866.30 crore is reserved
Category II – Non-Institutional Investors (NIIs) – 30% of the issue i.e. Rs. 2,598.90 crore is reserved
Category III – High Net Worth Individuals including HUFs, NRIs & QFIs – 20% of the issue i.e. Rs. 1,732.60 crore is reserved
Category IV – Resident Indian Individuals including HUFs, NRIs & QFIs – 40% of the issue i.e. Rs. 3,465.20 crore is reserved
Listing - The company has decided to get these bonds listed on both the stock exchanges i.e. National Stock Exchange (NSE) as well as the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). The bonds will get allotted and listed within 12 working days from the closing date of the issue.
Minimum & Maximum Investment - Unlike NHB, the face value of a bond in this issue has been fixed at Rs. 1,000 and as always, the minimum investment would remain Rs. 5,000 i.e. at least 5 bonds of Rs. 1,000 each. Retail Investors’ investment limit stands at Rs. 10 lakhs, beyond which they will be considered as HNIs and will get a lower rate of interest.
Demat not Mandatory - An investor, as per his/her own choice, can subscribe for these bonds in either of the forms, demat or physical. Though it is mandatory to have a demat account to sell these bonds, you may subscribe to them in certificate form as well and can get them converted to demat form whenever you want.
Interest on Application Money & Refund - IRFC will pay interest to the successful allottees on their application money, from the date of realization of application money up to one day prior to the deemed date of allotment, at the applicable coupon rates. Unsuccessful allottees will get interest @ 5% per annum on their refund money.
Interest Payment Date - IRFC has decided to make its first interest payment on April 15, 2014 and subsequent interest payments will also be made on April 15 every year.
What would make you invest in this IRFC bond issue?
With NHB offering higher rate of interest for all maturity periods from Monday and IIFCL, HUDCO still open for subscription with higher rate of interest, what is that one thing which you think differentiates this IRFC issue from the rest of the issuers? Please share your views about it and let’s see if it makes sense to other investors also.
Note: As per SEBI guidelines, ‘Bidding’ is mandatory before banking the application form, else the application is liable to get rejected. For bidding of your application, any further info or to invest in IRFC tax-free bonds, you can contact me at +919811797407